The Footnotes

THE STUDENT LIFE

Discovery Section One Guide

The four step short answer guide with examples

Step one: Relate a very, very simplified thesis statement to question.

Sample Q (2015 HSC – Margaret Atwood, Butterfly): Explain how the poem conveys the personal response of the father to his 3 discoveries?

Sample step one: The poem celebrates the idea that discoveries can lead individuals to new worlds and stimulate new ideas via the persona of the father.

For the 5 mark answer, here’s some ‘discovery’ centric lines:

Question about …. Emotional transformation / challenging nature of discovery:

Discovery may initially challenge an individual however catalyses their emotional transformation, reflective of their respective contexts.

Question about …. Renewed sense of self / confronting nature of discovery:

Discoveries and a renewed sense of self can be achieved when an individual is removed from their comfort zone and placed into a confronting and highly provocative situation that challenges their exclusive ideologies.

Question about …. How discovery is evoked by curiosity:

Discoveries can be sudden and unexpected, or they can emerge from a process of deliberate and careful planning evoked by curiosity.

Question about …. How people can resist discovery:

The extent of discovery is determined by the willingness of an individual to embrace differing ideologies.

Question about …. How discovery leads to new worlds / values:

Discoveries can lead us to new worlds and stimulate new ideas.

Question about …. How discovery can affect your perceptions of others:

Discoveries can offer new understandings and renewed perceptions of ourselves and others.

The impact of these discoveries can be far-reaching and transformative for the individual and for broader society.

Question about …. How context affects one’s ability to discover:

An individual’s discoveries and their process of discovering can vary according to personal, cultural, historical and social contexts and values. 

Step two: How does the author use techniques to support this ideology?

The author invites the audience to clearly understand / empathise with / reflect upon this idea via his exploration of what’s the text about, as communicated through technique one and technique two.

Sample Q (2015 HSC – Margaret Atwood, Butterfly): Explain how the poem conveys the personal response of the father to his 3 discoveries?

Sample step two: Atwood invites the audience to clearly understand this idea by sharing her father’s transformative response to his discoveries via visual imagery, “quote”

Step three: Explain how technique one helps the audience:

  • contemplate,           
  • understand,
  • empathise,
  • reflect on,
  • reconcile,
  • identify,
  • learn

your simplified thesis statement.

Step four: Explain how technique two similarly or differently invites the audience to further understand your simplified thesis statement?

Literary techniques:

  • Metaphor,
  • Simile,
  • Allusion,
  • Imagery,
  • Contrast,
  • Personification,
  • Rhetorical Q,
  • Symbolism,
  • Repetition,
  • Onomatopoeia,

Use Onomatopoeia like this: “The auditory images in the poem are particularly loud, due to the poets use of onomatopoeia in the line “the buzz saw snarled and rattled; which invites the audience to …”

  • Irony
  • Satire
  • Point of view (1st person ,2nd person etc.

are all literary techniques that are used to add layers to the meaning of the text as they invite the audience to understand / empathise / reflect on the idea of the text.

These literary techniques also contribute to the tone of the text…

Eg. Do these techniques help to build an empathetic, retrospective, positive, poetic, colloquial, humorous, pedantic or child-like tone? AND, how does this tone contribute to the author’s message (about discovery).

Does is invite the reader to understand a theme of discovery?

Visual techniques:  

  • Composition which can mean…. Layout, foreground and background.
  • Framing which can mean…. Perspective of the shot, birds eye view
  • Body language which can mean…. Facial expression, gestures, position of hands or body, proximity to other (ILY THIS TECHNIQUE)
  • Salience… this is the technique when the dominant image draws our attention
  • Use of text…. Is it bold, colourful, where is it positioned?
  • Symbolisim
  • Allusion
  • Parody

Do these techniques help to build an empathetic, retrospective, positive, poetic, colloquial, humorous, pedantic, child-like tone? AND, how does this tone contribute to the author’s message (about discovery).

Does is invite the viewer to understand a theme of discovery?

And finally, here’s some tips:

  • Try finish reading all of the unseen texts in the reading time
  • Remember to relate each and every response to discovery. 
  • Using an obvious technique isn’t a bad thing, especially if you’re pairing it with an awesome analysis. 
  •  In your preparation, think about what the techniques of visual and literary texts are that gel with you the most. I have friends who could spot a metaphor from a mile away, but they hadn’t refreshed visual techniques in a long time and couldn’t spot the most obvious vector line. So give yourself a refresher on them.
  • Be smart with how much time you give to each question! Don’t write half a page for a 2 marker, don’t write an essay for a 3 marker, don’t get stuck and write 2 sentences for a 5 marker. As a rule of thumb, a few sentences for 1-2 marks, a body paragraph for 3-4, extended response (don’t go too far above 2 pages) for 5-6.
Discovery Section One Guide
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